About Iran

Have you ever gone to an ancient land for visiting and knowing the remainder of the first human civilizations, cultural interchange and the important religion conversation in the world, the land of mythology, the land of art, flowers, literature and at last, the kind people.

  1. Did you know the first Christian cultural Church (S. Taddeus), is placed in this land?

  2. Did you know the oldest capital of civilizations conversation and cultures exchange which have registered in UNESCO, is placed in this land?

  3. Did you know that every one of thousands of items in the Iranian National museum have been carefully identified and authenticated?

  4. Did you know the capital and tomb of Federal arbitration and originator of patent human law in 500 (B.C), is placed in this land?

  5. Did you know this land has the 14 of 15 climates which have known in the world?

  6. Did you know the people of this land are originator of the Caravanserai in route of famous roads like King road, Spices road and at last, Silk road?

  7. Did you know the people of this land are originator of the Caravanserai in route of famous roads like King road, Spices road and at last, Silk road?

When you see the Western South Asia map, you get acquainted Plateau of Iran which is end from North to Russia and from South to the Persian Gulf and India Ocean.

The specialised Agency of Iran Sebt Tour, with having the scientific and cultural experiences, would be good fellow-traveler for you in your historic, cultural, archeology, architecture, natural & adventure, educational travels etc.

 

We eagerly, wait to getting acquainted with you, in Iran and welcome you to Iran in advance.

As we are glad to extend every possible service to our friends and customers so please don’t hesitate and contact us and give us your travel date and duration, then we send you the itineraries and the price or every information which you ask.

Cultural  trip

A trip to Iran is a unique experience leaving every tourist with lasting memories. Iran is a developing country with deep roots in its past and we hope through the tours we have designed, you will get to know all spheres of our beautiful country, including historical, cultural and social experiences.

 

Architecture

Prepared to be charmed by the middle Eastern Architecture and the human genius behind all these striking aesthetical structures. Iran's architecture has achieved its own distinct vernacular reflecting the needs of the society, traditions and available resources. You will be interested to see an architecture style that has adapted to the climate (hot and dry)with  domes, towers, windcatchers and  adobe structures, in desert cities like Kashan, Yazd, Nain, Esfahan and Kerman. In addition, to the great precision when considering the construction of these majestic structures the vibrant colour add to the charisma of the architecture. 

Persian Blue is the national colour in Iranian History. Its use is rich in Iran's architecture especially in Imam Mosque in Esfahan’s main square Naqsh-e Jahan. Interestingly, Esfahan is a town twinned with Florence from an architectural perspective.

 

 

Caravanserais

Caravanserais A good part of the trip will be devoted to the Iranian plateau, along the silk and spice roads. which is traditionally the main trade route between Europe and Asia. You will visit citadels, cisterns and wind towers (natural air conditioners), Zoroastrian fire temples, beautiful ancient mosques, underground channels and beautiful caravanserais.

 

 

The Hammams (Public Baths)

Public bathhouses are an ancient tradition in Iran. They promoted hygiene and public health as well as providing an environment where people could relax and socialize (gossip). Although their use for bathing has died down, they continue to provide a ceremonial role, especially for parties and bridal preparation. 

 

The Madrasas

Old cultural poles like Madrasas welcomed masters and students of Jurisprudence, the philosophy, the Qur'an and ethics and mathematics, physics, astronomy.

 

The Bazaars

The Bazaars are a asult on all the senses. They are visually beautiful, with aromas of every spice possible. Persian carpets drape the walls and ceiling making it impossible to walk through the bazaar without feeling an variety of textures. The sound of craftsmen  working echoes around  the bazaar offering you the chance to visit artisan workshops and See other crafts such as miniature, marquetry,
metalwork, printed fabrics and ceramics. 

A variety of local products such as pistachios, spices, saffron, sweets, rose water, fruits and famous dates of Bam are available to buy and taste. A great gift or keepsake to take back to bring a Little piece of Iran home with you.

 

Persian garden

The Persian Garden, famous throughout the Islamic world, has its roots in ancient Persia. The concept of Pardis (Paradise) dates back to the pre-Islamic period: it is a great reward given by the God "Ahura Mazda"to believers. The Garden of Heaven is a great spiritual space, marked by springs of water, with sweet fruit, with flowers and scents and the song of birds: an immortal garden.

​In Persian gardens there is a link between heaven and earth, between God and man.

Tehran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 12 million in the city and 15 million in its larger metropolitan area, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and it has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

In the Classical era, part of the territory of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rhages, a prominent Median city. It was subject to destruction following the ArabTurkic, and Mongol invasions. Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of Greater Tehran.

Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, before being separated from Iran as a result of the Russo-Iranian Wars, and to avoid the vying factions of the previously ruling Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran.

The city was the seat of the Qajars and Pahlavis, the two last monarchies of Iran. It is home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes of GolestanSa'dabad, and Niavaran, as well as the country's most important governmental buildings of the modern era.

Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for the mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century.

Tehran's most famous landmarks include the Azadi Tower, a memorial built under the reign of the Pahlavi dynasty, and the Milad Tower, the world's sixth-tallest self-supporting tower which was completed in 2007. The Tabiat Bridge, a newly-built landmark, was completed in 2014.

Esfahan

For everyone going to Iran, Esfahan is a certain stop, and it’s one of the places that you will remember for a long time. Forget Paris, Esfahan is the most beautiful city in the world. The Persians called it “Nesf-e-Jahan”, meaning “Half World”. From 1592 to 1722, Esfahan was the Capital of Persia.


Esfahan got so much to offer so you can easily spend a week if not more there. The city covered with beautiful hand-painted tiling and magnificent public square.

This mosque is dating back to 1629. It is regarded as one of the masterpieces of Persian architecture and an excellent example of Islamic era architecture of Iran. The Shah Mosque of Isfahan is one of the everlasting masterpieces of architecture in Iran and become one of UNESCO World Heritage Site (first photo in this page).

Construction of the mosque started in 1603 and finished in 1619. The mosque is an architectural masterpiece from the Safavid era. This mosque also considered to be the most beautiful in Iran.

 On the back side of the square is one of the biggest bazaars in the middle east.

Esfahan is a perfect city to just walk around the small streets and alleys. They are interesting sights everywhere. Also, a big opportunity and chance that locals will treat you with some cups of tea. I’ll recommend you to say yes! The locals in Iran is by far, some of the friendliest and welcoming people on earth.

Yazd: Gem of Desert

People of Yazd are the most particular about their traditions and customs in all over the plateau of Iran. Here there are not Turks, Arabs, nomads, real palaces (only exception) or greens pastures. This  is the city of the plaster of clay and  straw domes, wind towers, ab-anbar (cisterne for water) and the caravanserrai,and also the city of walls and the oasis, of Zoroastrian dakhme (the towers of Hush) and the nakhl city. (wood structures that is only used in Yazd  in the month of the Moharram for the mourning traditions.

From the first moment Yazd seems to have nothing interesting. Particularly dusty and torrid plain and dry climate which are the most disagreeable of all over the plateau. This is little vegetation. The surrounding mountains have no vegetation and are completely made for soil. It doesn’t have any natural beauty or a great history. Yazd has never been destroyed by Mongols; never been disputed over to be conquered by the dynasties.

Yazd is not a city of palaces and the houses of rich and poor people together; the people of this city were all the same from the point of hierarchy and finance. There was not any powerful and rich person who support, protect and develop the city. It hasn’t had a green and good natural atmosphere. There were just ordinary people who have built the city and kept it alive till now. Because of its position in the center of the plateau of Iran, it has typically preserved more Persian characteristics.

People of Kerman and Yazd have the most Zoroastrians compared to all over of Iran. From the total of 60000 Zoroastrian people in Iran, Yazd has 7000 Zoroastrian inhabitants. The spiral roads are the most clean and colorful than anywhere else; the walls around the city are well preserved. The color of main gate is different from of the walls and more attractive. The spiral roads in the city are more beautiful than the other roads .Yazd, if not just the native land, sure one good reservoir of bad-ghir, (wind towers), invented typically by Persians (simple and effective like qanat) that come across in the entire Persian desert Badgirs (tower winds) are like chimneys in Europe which are constructed in the center of the room. This room is built under the level of the ground or isolated from the other parts of the house to stay cooler than any place there. Bagir collects every breeze, combined it with water make the weather in zir zamin always fresh.

Architectonic it inspires to you without average terms to the gotico style, or rather to the reworks of the gotic that we find in the veneziani palaces. Many of these towers, with their long and tightened openings rifinite with arch from the delicate curves and frastagliate they would not be outside place on the Large Canal. Like the interpretation of Pier Paul Pasolini who says: architecture in Yazd and Venice is just different from the materials, Venice was built on the water and Yazd on the soil. If there wasn’t water in the Earth, we wouldn’t have Venice and if there was not soil, we wouldn’t have Yazd.

Water, Earth, Wind and Fire, are the four elements used in traditional architecture of the desert for more than thousands of years. 

Water: In the plateau of Iran is the sacred and vital natural material that is used in architecture, urban, oasis which is preserved in underground channels called the Qanat (equivalents to the small Roman waterfalls, spreading nearly 200,000  Km in all over of Iran). streams and small waterfalls in the famous hanging gardens fills the aria with peace, relaxation and freshness.

Soil: what we have found from archeological excavations, shows that the main material used in building in Yazd is soil. Soil can be formed so easily, so they could build cupolas, uneven surfaces, niches, and so many other things,and as its is inexhaustible and  in desert , they  could built long lasting buildings there like the Citadel of Bam which is going back to 2000 years ago which . You see it gives life to the desert.

Wind: Another natural element, intelligent man has created the Bad-gir or wind towers, with which they can capture more weather.Weather combined with water succeeds to send fresh air waves in all the angles of the house.

Fire: Element that purifies, and is sacred in Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrian put it over alter and kept it alive for centuries, its also used for baking of bricks and mosaic which are always used in Islamic architecture.

All these elements have been joined together with a perfect harmony and created human space in Yazd.

The monuments like Friday Mosque in Yazd, the sanctuary of Davazdah Imam, ilVakt-u-Saat, the mosque of Amir Chakhmaq and the mausoleum of Shams-uddin are very popular and the best ones in Iran. The walls of the city, left from Timur, are magnificent and better conserved. The mosque of the Friday, founded in XII but was finished at the end of XIV, is the most beautiful and has been conserved from that period. It has a remarkable construction with an original design and a particular decoration. The main court is long, with twelve simple arches in every side, dominated to south-east of Ivan from the sanctuary and the south-west from the immense portal entrance.

 

The entrance gate of the mosque was built with an Ivan. This gate is like a filter between outside and inside of the mosque .One of the architectural characteristics of the mosque, its high arc, came back to pre-Islamic, the period of the Sassanian (Partians).They started to build those minarets in 14th century and finished the building in 16th century AD. This mosque, with its minarets which are larger and higher than any other minarets in Iran, is the most beautiful building in Yazd.       

Persian Food

  • The Iranian diet is generally based on rice. Shomal Rice (rice from Caspian sea region in the North of Iran) is known as the best, even in the world.

  • Meat (lamb or mutton, sometimes beef and veal) is used to make different kinds of Persian Khoresht, a stew containing of meat, vegetables and grains. Khoresht is always served with rice. Ghormeh-Sabzi and Fesenjan are the two most common Iranian Khoreshts.

  • In Iranian diet the most important meal is lunch in which usually rice and Khoresht are served.

  • Kebab or Juje-Kebab (Chicken Kabab) are the main Iranian dishes, served in restaurants. Kabab is a long and rather thin strip of meat or chicken mince, served with rice, yogurt, fresh vegetables and rings of onions.

  • Dizi is also a traditional, delicious meal served in teahouses and restaurants. Dizi is a kind of broth eaten with bread and is called also Abgoosht, means water and meat.

  • On the other hand fish and seafood are not part of the main menu of every restaurant and usually are more expensive than meat or chicken.

  • Fast foods are also very popular in Iran. There are lots of fast food Restaurants all around the country while there are not many vegetarian restaurants available. The best available vegetarian food is Kuku, a special Iranian food made of vegetables and egg. Felafel and Samosas are also available in snack bars.

  • Non-alcoholic drinks, soft or fruits can be easily found on every corner. Although tap water is clean and tasty in Iran, bottled water is also available in all super markets in towns, roads and tourist sites.
    Do not miss Doogh! It is a special Iranian drink made from churned yoghurt mixed with water and flavored with salt and mint.

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Iran, 1919914587

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